VALUES ACCORDING TO SCHWARTZ

  • Shalom H. Schwartzis social psychologist, cross-cultural researcher, author ofTheory of basic human values(universal values as latent motivations and needs).
  • Schwartz’s theory of basic human values discussesthe nature of values and spells out the features that are common to all values and whatdistinguishes one value from another.

BASIC PERSONAL VALUES

  • Power
  • Achievement
  • Hedonism
  • Stimulation
  • Self-Direction
  • Universalism
  • Universalism
  • Benevolence
  • Tradition
  • Conformity
  • Security

Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, our honorable president in his book “India2020: A Vision of the New Millennium’ has rightly remarked that “If you are a teacher in whatever capacity, you have a very special role to play because more than anybody else it is you who are shaping the future generation.

MORAL VALUES

WHAT DO WE MEAN BY VALUES?

  • Values can be defined as "temptation, formfitting objectives, principles”that guide people's lives, and have varying significance
  • Values ​​are the essence of our personality, and effect us to make decisions, trust people, arrange our time and energy in our social life.

IMPORTANCE OF VALUES IN HUMAN LIFE

  • Values ​​are the effective cultural elements which shape the elements around the point of view of individuals, members of a community that holds together.
  • With the values that show differences in cultures, there is a case of values which are universal and ethical that are accepted in all cultures.
  • Respect, kindness, patience, tolerance, peace and democracy are expected to be universal values.

WHAT IS VALUES EDUCATION?

  • Value education helps people to develop values ​​and serve to establish an individual fulfilling life.
  • What teachers’perceive as good or bad, what they like or did not like can be seen as hidden education in the classroom and at school through values education.
  • However, values training should be the part of formal education to help children gain more universal human mind.

WHY DO WE NEED VALUES EDUCATION

  • During training, the students not only an understanding of the cognitive and psychomotor gains given, but also the individuals that make up society, values, attitudes, and etc. will result in failing to acquire affective gains.
  • Therefore, the determination of social coherence and common objectives will be difficult or even impossible.
  • This situation brings out a necessity of values ​​education in schools. But the concepts and issues related to values ​​education can be achieved by absorption by teachers.

VALUES EDUCATION IN SCHOOL

  • Preschool is the first period that lays the foundation of information on values.
  • For information about the values ​​of life will continue to be found.
  • The first information not only gained in earlier periods that begin and end in the period to adolescence but also continues personality. From now on, there can be changes on these values but basic values have been developed.
  • Changing child’s wrong behavior is more difficult than trying to develop a new behavior.
  • It’s critical to develop the child's personality in a planned and systematic process in order to prevent the wrong development of values ​​education.

FACTORS AFFECTING VALUES EDUCATION

  • Values education starts from families and continuous at schools with the help of educators. Because of this, families, teachers and educational programs are crucial for values education.
  • Families are the first source of information so they should be careful about their behavior and attitudes as children see them as a model.
  • Cooperation within families and teachers is very important for the thing that affects the children most is what the teacher does in classroom. Besides this, education programs must be reorganized according to this cooperation.
  • Also in this period by the help of educational activities like seminars, conferences, meetings; families can take an active part in organizing these programs.
  • So that, there can be an effective harmony among families, educators and educational programs.

EFFECTIVE EDUCATION METHODS AND TECHNIQUES IN SUJANA

  • Teachers play an important role in transforming of values, so their techniques and methods have a great importance.
  • Discussion and student-centered active learning strategies
  • Drama-based approach
  • Project work
  • Practical activities
  • Cooperative learning, group work,
  • Student-run research
  • Educational games and the subject can be listed as available techniques and methods.